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Bol

Bol

Position

The Zlatni rat beach spreads to the west of Bol and is one of the biggest and most beautiful natural beaches on the Adriatic. Like a tongue stretching almost half a kilometre into the sea, it grows with the drifting deposits of tiny pebbles, changing its shape depending on the wind and the direction of the waves. Bol is a paradise for surfers because of the favourable wind, which always blows. There is an array of high-class hotel complexes and private apartments along the beach and the coastal promenade.In the vicinity of the town centre are a baroque summer house, castle, parish church and the small square “pjaceta”.On the eastern side, a Dominican monastery, one of the most beautiful in Europe, rises on the Glavici peninsula.Only two hours walk from Bol are sites of exceptional value - the Blaca desert (church and monastery from the 16th century) and Zmajeva spilja (a cave rich in reliefs, and home to Glagolitic priests).

History

Brac was inhabited already in the prehistoric times, probably in the Mesolithic, but certainly in the Neolithic, i.e. at the end of the III. Millennium B.C. by pre-Indo-European population, whose main occupation was cattle-breeding. In the II. Millennium, during the time of metal cultures, the island was inhabited by Indo-European Illyrians who were more cattle-breeders than farmers.

The Romans were not founding settlements but were organizing farmhouses (villa Rustica).
At the end of the 8th or the beginning of the 9th century, Croatians from Neretva came to these areas. They pressed the Romanized autochthons Illyrian population.
At that time, island of Brac was under the Franks. At the beginning of the 11th century, the Venetians took over these areas. Mid-century, Brac was a part of the Croatian state during the reign of Petar Kresimir IV.

In the 12th century, these areas were officially a part of Byzantium, but were governed by the Venetians. During the reign of the king Koloman in 1107, Brac was a part of Croatian-Hungarian state. But in 1135, Venice conquered Brac, only to fall under Byzantium again for a short while in 1170, since already in 1180, it again became a part of Croatian-Hungarian state. Andrija II., Croatian-Hungarian king donated Brac to Krk Dukes Frankopans.

Afterwards, Brac was occupied by the Omis pirates. Brac residents asked Venice for protection and were indulged. So on 1 April 1278, these areas fell under Venice and were governed by it until 1358. The same year, Brac was once again a part of Croatian-Hungarian state. Brac continued to change its rulers often. In 1390, it was under protection of the Bosnian king Tvrtko I., in 1394 it was ruled by the Croatian-Hungarian king Sigmund, in 1403 the island was ruled by Hrvoje Vukcic, and in 1413 it fell into the hands of Dubrovnik. Finally, in 1420, Brac was conquered by the Venetians who ruled it under 1797, i.e. until the demise of Venice. Venice was officially respecting their communal structure and allowed all forms of communal self-administration, but in practice it was implemented in accordance with their own laws and bureaucracy, through which it was intensely interfering with internal affairs in the commune. It abolished the provisions of the Common Law and introduced joint legislation under the rule of providur. Brac dukes were mainly impoverished Venetian nobility who came to the island to get rich. They were reducing the communal self-administration and acted arrogantly.

With demise of Venice, the Brac residents believed they were liberated from all obligations and free. However, the same year, Austria occupied these areas and governed them until 1805. With Pozunski peace treaty in 1805, this area fell under French administration which introduced many economical reforms. Nobility was abolished and schools established.

In December 1806, the Russians took over Brac, but already mid 1807, the French returned again, but there was no peace. The English ships attacked the island twice in 1811 and 1812. In June 1811, one English corvette attacked Bol, destroyed several ships at the port and took to island of Vis rich pillage of wheat, oil and wine.

After the demise of Napoleon, on 7 July 1814 Brac again fell under Austrians. In 1823, there was a new territorial division of the island. Brac was divided into 7 municipalities, among which was Bol.

Bol: What to do / What to see?