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Livno

Livno

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Position

Livno has a stable continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. It is situated between big mountains like Cincar and Kamesnica which make the climate more continental than the climate in Mostar and Capljina for example. The winters in that part of the country are not as cold as in Livno.

History

The plains of Livno have been populated since approximately 2000 BC, and well into the Roman era. Before the Roman conquest it has been inhabited by the indigenous Iron Age population known to the ancient writers as the Delmatae. It is assumed that the Slavs arrived to the region in the 7th century. The Illyrian population assimilated into the Slav culture, and eventurally lost their language and customs. Through the next three centuries, they accepted the Catholic faith.
Livno celebrates its founding as being September 28, 892 due to it being mentioned in a document of the Croatian Duke Mutimir released at that time. It was the centre of Hlebiana (ή Χλεβίανα) županija (province) of the Kingdom of Croatia (Medieval), as mentioned in the tenth century work De Administrando Imperio (chapter 30). From 1199 Emeric until 1326 Mladen II Šubić of Bribir, who was a resident of Livno, it was part of the Chelmensis territory. From 1326 until 1463 Livno was part of the Bosnian Kingdom. One of the noble families of the Bosnian Kingdom bought Livno, Duvno, and Kupres (12th to 13th century) then called "Tropolje," (Three Fields). The beginning of 14th century saw the Ottoman Empire advance, invade, and occupy Bosnia for the next 400 years. Mosque in the picture before the Ottoman Empire was the Catholic church of St Luke, the clock tower was the bell tower. In 1878 Livno was occupied by the Austro-Hungarian Empire.