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Šibenik (Croatia // North Dalmatia // Šibenik riviera)

Šibenik
Excursions
NP Krka Waterfalls
Full day tour

Ride by coach to Šibenik for a visit to one of Dalmatia's most valuable religious monuments - the 1...
Cycling: NP Krka
Krka National Park is one of the Croatian national parks, named after the river Krka that it encloses. It is located along the middle...
Total excursions:
2
Beaches
Medena
Medena
Distances: 35.28 km
Pebble, Concrete
Seget Donji
Seget Donji
Distances: 35.69 km
Pebble
Gradska Plaža
Gradska Plaža
Distances: 37.73 km
Rock, Concrete
Mali Mul - Gradina
Mali Mul - Gradina
Distances: 37.82 km
Pebble, Concrete
Marinova Draga Saldun
Marinova Draga Saldun
Distances: 38.49 km
Pebble, Concrete
Nightlife and places for fun
Atrium
Atrium
Distances: 41.61 km
Caffe bar

Position

Šibenik is a historic town in Croatia and it is located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea. The central church in Šibenik, the Cathedral of St. James, is on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Several successive architects built it completely in stone between 1431 and 1536, both in Gothic and in Renaissance style. A couple of kilometers north of the city is the Krka National Park, similar to the more famous Plitvice Lakes National Park, renowned for its many waterfalls, flora, fauna, and historical and archaeological remains. The Kornati archipelago, west of Šibenik, consists of 150 islands, making it the densest archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. The annual Šibenik International Children's Festival takes place every summer since 1960. This is the biggest cultural event in Šibenik, which brings together dance, drama, art and other artists and companies from around the world. In September 2009. have began construction of hotel complex and nautical marina for big yachts Mandalina Marina & Yacht Club, completion of the first phase is expected by summer 2011.
 
Šibenik: What to do / What to see?
AQUARIUM ŠIBENIK
THE INTERNATIONAL CHILDREN`S FESTIVAL
SOLARIS AQUAPARK
St. Jakov Cathedral
Sv. Nikola (St. Nicholas) Fortress
Sv. Mihovil (St. Michael) Fortress
 

History

Unlike other cities along the Adriatic coast, which were established by Greeks, Illyrians and Romans, Šibenik was founded by Croats.[2] Excavations of the castle of Saint Michael, have since proven that the place was inhabited long before the actual arrival of the Croats. It was mentioned for the first time under its present name in 1066 in a Charter of the Croatian King Petar Krešimir IV[2] and, for a period of time, it was a seat of this Croatian King. For that reason, Šibenik is also called "Krešimirov grad" (Krešimir's city). It is the oldest native Croatian town on the eastern shores of the Adriatic.

Between the 11th and 12th centuries, Šibenik was tossed back and forth among Venice, Byzantium, Hungary and the Kingdom of Bosnia. It was conquered by the Republic of Venice in 1116,[3] who held it until 1124, when they briefly lost it to the Byzantine Empire,[4] and then held it again until 1133 when it was retaken by the Kingdom of Hungary.[5] It would change hands among the aforementioned states several more times until 1180.

The city was given the status of a town in 1167 from Stephen III of Hungary.[6] It received its own diocese in 1298.[2]

Under Venice and the Habsburgs[edit]
The city, like the rest of Dalmatia, resisted the Venetians in a three-year war that was resolved in their favor in 1412.[2] The Ottoman Empire started to threaten Šibenik, as part of their struggle against Venice, at the end of the 15th century,[3] but they never succeeded in conquering it. In the 16th century, St. Nicholas Fortress was built and, by the 17th century, its fortifications were improved again by the fortresses of St. John (Tanaja) and Šubićevac (Barone).

The fall of the Venetian Republic in 1797 brought Šibenik under the authority of the Habsburg Monarchy.[3]

After the Congress of Vienna until 1918, the town (bilingual names ŠIBENIK- SEBENICO) was (again) part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name, one of the 13 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Dalmatia.[7] The Italian name only was used until around 1871.



Austrian KK stamp, cancelled in Italian Sebenico in 1870
In 1872, at the time in the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Ante Šupuk became the town's first Croat mayor elected under universal suffrage. He was instrumental in the process of the modernization of the city, and is particularly remembered for the 1895 project to provide street lights powered by the early AC Jaruga Hydroelectric Power Plant.

20th century[edit]
After World War I, Šibenik was occupied by the Kingdom of Italy until 12 June 1921. As a result of the Treaty of Rapallo, the Italians gave up their claim to the city and it became a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. During World War II it was occupied by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Communist partisans entered Sibenik 3.11.1944.

After WWII it became a part of the SFR Yugoslavia until Croatia declared independence in 1991.
 
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